Savitri Amabasya : Savitri Brata

Savitri Brata:
It is observed by all married women for the well-being of their husbands. Women performing the puja have to observe fasting during the day and read out or listen to Savirti Brata Katha which is a poetic rendition of how Maha Sati Savitri saved her husband from the clutches of Yamaraj by dint of her virtues and devotion. It is a custom for women to receive money on the occasion from their parents / brothers towards expenses for the puja.

Savitri Amabasya :

Savithri Amabasya or Amavasya is also known as Savitri Brata. Savithri Amavasya is an important fast (brata) observed by married women in Orissa. Fasting on the no moon day in the Hindu month of Jyestha is day is considered highly auspicious. In 2010, the date of Savitri Brata is Jun 12.

Married women in Orissa fast during the day and listen to the story of Savitri and Satyabana. Women fast on this day for the long life of the husbands.

Savitri Brata, popularly referred as Savithri Amavasya Vrata, is a regional festival observed in Orissa and some other Eastern regions of India. Savitri Brata is observed on the Amavasya day in Jyeshta month (usually May – June). In 2010, Savitri Amavasya vrat date is June 12.

Importance, legend and Merits of Savitri Amavasya Vrata:

As Vat Savitri Vrata and Sabitri Chaturdashi Vrata this Savitri Amavas Brata is also associated with the legend of Savitri and Satyavan. The story tells – how Savitri rescued her husband, Satyavan, from death and also regained his kingdom for him.
Puranas describe that every married woman should admire Savitri for her great devotion to her husband. On the day of Savitri Brata, married women recite the Sabitri Brata Katha – the legend of Savitri and Satyavan. Merits of the observance of Savithri Brata include – the well being and long life of the performers husband and prosperous married life.

It is to note that Vat Savitri Vrat is also performed on Vat Purnima (Jyeshta Purnima). In 2010, Jyeshta Purnima date is June 26.

Vat Savitri Vrat Katha – Sabitri Brata Fasting Story

Vat Savitri Vrat in North India and Sabitri Brata in Orissa is observed by married women for the wellbeing of their husbands and for a happy married life. On the day, women observe fast and worship Banyan Tree (Vat) and Savitri. The story of Satyavan and Savitri is a sub plot in the Mahabharata.

King Ashtapati had a beautiful and intelligent daughter named Savitri. The King gave her the permission to choose her husband. One day, Savitri met a young man in the forest who was carrying his blind parents in two baskets balanced on either side of a stick. The young man was Satyavan.

Impressed by Satyavan’s devotion towards his blind parents, Savitri decided to marry him. On enquiry, the King found out from Sage Narada that Satyavan was the son of a deposed king and that he was destined to die in a year.

King first refused to give permission for the marriage but Savitri was adamant. Finally, the King relented and the marriage was conducted and the couple left for the forest.

They led a happy life and soon a year passed. Savitri realized that the date Sage Narad had predicted that Satyavan would die will fall in three days time.

Three days before the predicted day of death of Satyavan, Savitri started fasting.

The day Satyavan was destined to die, Savitri followed him to the forest. While cutting woods from a Vat Vriksha (Banyan Tree), he fell down and fainted. Soon, Savitri realized that Satyavan is dying. Suddenly she felt the presence of Yama, the god of death. She saw him carrying the soul of Satyavan and she followed Yama.

Yama first ignored Savitri thinking that she will soon return back to her husband’s body. But she persisted and kept on following him. Yama tried few tricks to persuade her but nothing worked. Savitri remained adamant and said that she will follow her husband where ever he goes.

Then Yama said that it is impossible for him to give back the dead as it is against the nature’s law. Instead, he will give her three boons and she should not ask to return her husband’s life as a boon.

Savitri agreed.

With the first boon she asked that her in-laws be reinstated in their kingdom with full glory.
With the second boon she asked for a son for her father.
Finally, for the third boon she asked ‘I would like to have children.’
Yama immediately said ‘granted.’
Then Savitri said, ‘now that you have granted me the boon of having children please return my husband as I can only have children from him.’
Soon Yama realized that he had been tricked by Savitri, a pativrata.
Yama remained silent for a minute and then smiled and said ‘I appreciate you persistence. But what I liked more was you readiness to marry a man whom you loved even though you knew that he would only live for a year. Go back to your husband he will soon wake up.’
Soon Savitri returned to the Vat Vriksha were her husband was lying dead. She started going round (pradakishna) the Vat Vriksha and when she completed the pradaksihna, Satyavan woke up as if from sleep.
Soon Savitri and Satyavan were reunited.
People worship Vat Vriksha and perform Savitri puja in memory of this event.

Savitri Brata 2010 in Orissa – Savithri Amavasya Vrata 2010

Savitri Brata, also known as Savithri Amavasi Fasting, is observed by married women in Orissa and eastern parts of India for the wellbeing of husbands. In 2010, the date of Savitri Brata is June 12. Savitri Vrata falls on the Amavasi or No moon day in the month of Jyeshta (April – May). This popular observance is based on the Savitri – Satyavan Legend in the Mahabharata.

Legend has it that Savitri was able to rescue her husband, Satyavan, from the clutches of Yama, the god of death. She achieved this impossible task through sheer determination, courage and perseverance.
Savitri Brata fasting is from sunrise to sunset. An important event on the day that all married women compulsorily take part is the reading of the Sabirti Brata Katha (story of Savitri).

In some regions, the parents or brothers of married women pay for all the expenses needed for the Savitri Brata Puja.

Savitri Brata Fasting in Orissa – Savithri Amavasi Utshav

Savitri Brata, also known as Savithri Amavasya, is an important fast (brata) observed by married women in Orissa. Fasting on the no moon day in the Hindu month of Jyestha is day is considered highly auspicious. In 2009, the date of Savitri Brata is May 24. The festival is based on the unparalleled devotion and determination shown by Savitri to save her husband Satyabana (Satyavan) from the clutches of Yamaraj (the god of death).
Married women in Orissa fast during the day and listen to the story of Savitri and Satyabana. Women fast on this day for the long life of the husbands.

How to observe Savitri Brata?

Women wake up early morning on the Savitri Brata day and after taking bath, wear new clothes and ornaments including bangles. All married women wear red vermillion on the forehead, which is elongated to touch the line parting the hair.

Savitri is symbolically represented by the grinding stone, locally known as Sila Pua. The grinding stone is thoroughly cleaned and worshipped. Bhoga or offering to Savitri consists of rice, wet pulses and locally available fruits like mango, jackfruit, banana etc.
The fasting begins at sunrise and ends after sunset with the evening prayers.

In some places, parents, elders and brothers give a token amount of money to fasting woman.Women take the blessing of parents and other elders.

The fast is broken by consuming the offering made to Savitri.

Women also make it a point to read or listen to the Savitri and Satyabana story mentioned in the Mahabharata.

Savitri Brata Story

Legend has it that Princess Savitri, the daughter of King Ashwapati of Bhadra Kingdom, fell in love with Satyavan, a princess in exile and who was now leading the life of a woodcutter. Sadly, Satyavan was destined to die within a year and Savitri was made aware of this fact by Rishi Narada. But Savitri decided to get married to Satyavan and live with him in the forest.

As predicted, Satyavan fell from a tree and died within a year. Yamraj, the god of death, arrived to carry him away. Savitri made it clear to Yamraj that she will follow Yamraj along with her husband.

Yamraj tried several ways to deter Savitri from following him but all his efforts were in vain and Savitri remained adamant. Finally, he agreed to give her three boons but not the life of her husband. Savitri agreed.

With first boon she got Satyavan’s father reinstated as King. With the second boon she was able to restore the eyesight of her blind in-laws. The third boon she demanded that she should have 100 sons from her husband.

Lord Yama without any thought said ‘so be it’. Soon, Yama realized that Savitri has tricked him. He had to now bring back Satyavan to life to keep his promise.

Moved by Savitri’s devotion and determination, Yamraj brought back Satyavan to life.

There are numerous Vratas based on the Savithri and Satyavan legend including the Vat Savitri Puja in North India and the Karadayin Savitri Nombu festival in Tamil Nadu.

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One Response to Savitri Amabasya : Savitri Brata

  1. I love Savitri Brata!

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